Let's start at the beginning with an overview of Cloud computing. The Cloud is a hot topic these days, but what exactly is it? The US National Institutes of Standards, and Technology created the term Cloud computing, although there's nothing US is specific about it. Cloud computing is a way of using information technology by lT that has these five equally important traits. First, customers get computing resources that are on-demand, and self-service. Through a web interface, users get the processing power, storage, and network they require without the need for human intervention. Second, customers get access to those resources over the internet from anywhere they have a connection. Third, the Cloud provider has a big pool of those resources, and allocates them to users out of that pool. That allows the provider to buy in bulk, and pass the savings onto customers. Customers don't have to know or care about the exact physical location of those resources. Fourth the resources are elastic, which means they're flexible, so customers can be. If customers need more resources, they can get more, and quickly. If they need less, they can scale back. Finally, customers pay only for what they use or reserve as they go. If they stop using resources, they stop paying. That's it. That's the definition of Cloud. But why is the Cloud model so compelling now. To understand why we need to look at some history. The trend towards Cloud computing started with a first wave known as co-location. Co-location gave users the financial efficiency of renting physical space. Instead of investing in data center real estate. Virtualized data centers of today, which are the second wave, share similarities with the private data centers, and co-location facilities of decades past. The components of viirtualized data centers matched a physical building blocks of hosted computing: servers, CPUs, disks, load balances, and so on, but now they're virtual devices. With virtualization, enterprises still maintain the infrastructure, but it also remains a user-controlled, and user-configured environment. Several years ago, Google realized that its business couldn't move fast enough within the confines of the virtualization model. So Google switch to a container-based architecture, a fully automated, elastic third wave Cloud that consists of a combination of automated services , and scalable data. Services automatically provision and configure the infrastructure used to run applications. Today, Google Cloud makes its third wave cloud available to Google customers. Google believes that in the future, every company, regardless of size or industry, will differentiate itself from its competitors through technology. Increasingly, that technology will be in the form of software. Great software is based on high-quality data. This means that every company is or will eventually become a data company.