Welcome to Course 3, Module 2. In this presentation, we are going to look at some iBT Listening Strategies. In the first part we're going to look at question types and strategies that can help you answer the questions. Before we continue, let's look at the question types again. One, gist content and gist purpose questions. Two, details. Three, function questions. Four, attitude questions. Five, organization questions. Six, connecting content questions and finally, inference questions. Gist content and Gist purpose questions. These questions usually appear first in a conversation or a lecture. They measure your understanding of overall content of the lecture or conversation. Be careful in conversations. The purpose of a conversation is not always related to the main topic. Be careful to take notes. When you're taking notes, as soon as you become aware of the main topic of the conversation or lecture, you should write it down and underline or circle it. Detail questions. For these questions, you obviously need to take very good notes. But remember, you will not be asked about minor points like a year when some events happened. Your notes should contain major details. Also, do not choose an answer only because it has words or phrases from the conversation or lecture. Finally, if you are unsure of the correct response, decide which one of the choices is most consistent with the main idea of the conversation or lecture. Function questions. Function questions usually appear as replay questions. These are questions when you see an icon of headphones that tell you when you'll hear the replayed section. Here the focus is on language functions. For example, is the speaker apologizing, changing the subject, complaining, clarifying, asking for more information, making a suggestion, expressing doubt, interrupting or something else. Remember, the important point here is the function may not match what the speaker directly states. You need to understand beyond the surface level. Attitude questions. The answer to these questions is never given directly in the conversation or lecture. Looking for these answers in your notes may not help you. You must infer the answer from the speaker's tone of voice and vocabulary choice. Organization questions. Questions that ask about overall organization are more likely to be found after lectures, then after conversations. Refer to your notes to answer these questions. It may not have been clear from the start that the professor organized the information, for example, chronologically, or from least to most complex or in some other way. Connecting content questions. As you may remember, these are questions that ask you to fill in a chart, or table or put events in order. As you listen to the lectures, you need to pay attention to this signal words or sequence words, clearly identified terms and their definitions, as well as steps in the process. Also, make sure as you take notes, use numbers to keep track of order of events or steps in this sequence. You can circle these numbers to make them easier to find. Inference questions. Just like the inference questions in the reading section. In the listening, inference questions have answers that are not mentioned in the lecture or conversation. In most cases, answering this question correctly means putting together details from the lecture or conversation to reach a conclusion. In other cases, the professor may imply something without directly stating it. In most cases, the answer you choose will use vocabulary not found in the lecture or conversation. Now it's time to practice these strategies. The website, tstprep.com, you can find some sample questions that are organized based on the different question types. You will know what strategy to use to answer these questions. Good luck. This is the end of part one. Since note-taking is in an essential part of the listening section of iBT, we're going to talk about note-taking in the second part of this presentation.